Rational solution of the problem of existence: What are we? Where we came from? Where are we going?
Author: Léon Denis (January 1, 1846 – March 12, 1927)
I – Duty and Freedom
II – The problems of the existence
III – Spirit and matter
IV – Harmony of the Universe
V – The successive lives
VI – Justice and progress
VII – The ultimate purpose
VIII – Experimental Evidence
IX – Summary and Conclusion
TO THOSE WHO SUFFER
It is to you, O my brothers and sisters in humanity, to all of you who burden of life’s crooked, to you whom the harsh struggles, care, proofs have overwhelmed that I dedicate these pages. It is the intention of you afflicted, disinherited of this world, I write. Humble pioneer of truth and progress, I place them the fruit of my vigils, my thoughts, my hopes, of everything that have me consoled, sustained in my walk down here.
You may find there some useful lessons, a little light to lighten your ways. May this modest work should be, for your sorrowing that spirits that the shadow is to the worker, sunburned, what is in the arid desert, the clear and refreshing source offering in the sight of thirsty traveler!
I – Duty and Freedom
Who, in the hours of silence and meditation, never questioned to the nature and his own heart, asking them the secret of things, the why of life, the reason for the universe? Where is he who has ever tried to know their fate, lift the veil of death, find out if God is a fiction or reality?
It would not be a human being, no matter how careless he was, if he had not considered, sometimes these tremendous problems. The difficulty of solving the inconsistency and multiplicity of theories that have been made, the deplorable consequences which result from most systems already disclosed, all this confusing set, fatiguing the human spirit, are relegated to the indifference and skepticism.
Therefore need to turn off the preconceived systems, down to the bottom of himself, listen to the inner voice that speaks to us all, and that sophistry can not deceive: the voice of reason, the voice of conscience.
life and death, and with perseverance probed these deep chasms. I drove to the Eternal Wisdom an ardent appeal and she answered me, as always respond to everyone.
With the lively spirit of love for good, clear evidence and facts of direct observation have confirmed the deductions from my thoughts, my beliefs offer to a solid, unshakable foundation.
Freedom, for the ignorant and vicious men, would be like a powerful weapon in the child’s hands. The weapon in this case often turns against the one who has it in the hands and hurt himself.
II – The problems of the existence
But as we said, the difficulty in solving these problems very often makes us reject them.
The opinion of the vast majority is hesitant and indecisive, his actions and characters suffer the consequence of this. It is the evil of the time, the cause of the disturbance to which remains attached. It has been the progress of instinct, one can walk but to get where? This is what one does not think enough. The man, ignorant of his destinations, is like a traveler who mechanically goes through a journey without knowing the starting point or the arrival, without knowing why traveling and, therefore, is always willing to stop at the slightest obstacle, wasting time and neglecting the purpose to achieve.
We will demonstrate below how this view is in stark opposition to the experience and reason. Let us say from now on, that is devoid of all sense of justice and progress.
The denial of the afterlife also suppresses all moral sanction. With it, whether good or bad, criminals or sublime, all acts would lead to the same results.
III – Spirit and matter
incontestable truths. Now, as noted at each of us the existence of forces and powers that can not be considered as materials, there is a need to explain its cause, to get to another source beyond matter, this principle is called soul or spirit.
coated our intelligence, penetrating the innermost recesses of our being,
we find ourselves face to face with these august principles without which there would be no greatness for humanity: love the good, the sense of justice and progress.
Saying more preciselyrelative to the human body, organs that compose this amazing machine are similar to wheels unable to act without an engine without a will to put them into action. This engine is the soul. A third element reconnects the two others, transmitting the organs orders of thought. This element is the perispirit, ethereal matter that escapes our senses. It envelops the soul, accompanies her after the death in their endless wanderings, debugging, progressing with her, forming a diaphanous, vaporous body. We’ll come back later, to comment on the existence of the perispirit, also called double fluidic. 1
infinitely varied. Its flexibility is extreme. At a certain degree of rarefaction, it is transformed into energy. G. Lebon can say with apparent reason, that matter is nothing but condensed energy and energy, disassociated matter. How to deduct these facts that intelligent energy, at a given moment of its evolution, it becomes conscious, it is still a hypothesis. For us, there, between being and not being, a difference of essence. On the other hand, the Haeckelien monism, refusing the human spirit an independent life of the body and rejecting any notion of survival, logically ends the same consequences as the positivist materialism and incur the same criticism.
IV – Harmony of the Universe
We have seen above the existence in us of an intelligent and rational principle;
now we return to the source from which arises to explain its origin by
chain of causes and effects. Men call this source in its poor and insufficient language of God.
God is the center from which they emanate and to which return all the powers of
the universe. He is the focus from which radiates all idea of justice, solidarity and
love, the common goal for which all beings make their way, consciously or
unconsciously. It is our relationship with the great Architect of the Worlds
that. derive universal harmony, community and fraternity. For us to be
brothers, in effect, there must be a common parent, and that parent can only be
God will say you, has been present in ways so strange sometimes so revolting to the believing men that the modern spirit is moving away from him. But that matters these sectarian ramblings? To claim that God may be reduced by the purposes of the men to say that the Mont Blanc and the Himalayas can be spotted by the breath of a mosquito. The truth hovers radiant, stunning, nicely above the theological obscurities.
To entertain this fact, the thought must turn off the narrow rules of the common practices, reject puerile ways in which certain religions have involved the highest ideal. You must study God in the majesty of his works.
By the time everything rests in our cities, when the night is clear and the silence is over the sleeping earth, then, O men, my brothers, raise your eyes and contemplate the infinite of heaven!
Note the rhythmic march of the stars, evolving into the depths. These countless fires are worlds by which the Earth is but an atom, suns prodigious circumvented by ball motorcades and of which the amazing distances that separate us are measured by millions of light years.
Therefore seem to us to simple bright spots. But, drive for them this colossal eye of science, the radio telescope, and you distinguish their surfaces, like oceans on fire.
Search in vain to count them; they multiply even in the most remote regions and confused in the distance, like a luminous dust. Notice also, as on the neighboring worlds of the earth will draw the valleys and mountains, seas are dug in, clouds move. Recognize that the manifestations of life are produced everywhere, and an admirable order unites under uniform laws and common destinations, the Earth and its brethren, the wandering planets in the infinite. Verify that all these worlds, inhabited by other human societies, agitate, move away and near endowed with various speeds, traversing immense orbs; everywhere movement, activity and life are shown in a grand spectacle.
Look at our own globe, the Earth, which seems to say: “Your flesh is mine, your loved my children.” Look it, this great wet nurse of humanity; see the harmony of its contours, its continents, within which the germinate and grow nations his vast oceans always moving, accompanying the renewal of the coating to stations, each time , green adornments or blond crops; contemplate living beings that populate it: birds, insects, plants and flowers, each of which is a wonderful carved, a gem of the divine case. Watch yourself; see the admirable performance of its organs, the wonderful and complicated mechanism of his senses. What human genius could imitate these delicate masterpieces?
then made God? This objection does not make sense. God is not a being who join the
series of beings. He is the universal, unlimited in time and space,
Consequently infinite, eternal. There can be no being above or beside Him.
God is the source and principle of all life. It is He who reconnect, unite and
harmonize all the individual forces, and that without him would be isolated and
Left to themselves, not being governed by a law, a higher will, these forces would not have produced except confusion and chaos. The fact that there is a general plan, a common purpose, which involved all the powers of the universe proves the existence of a cause, a supreme intelligence, who is God.
V – The successive lives
As we said, the man must first of all learn to know in order to clarify his future. To walk with a firm step, needs to know where he goes. It is conforming his actions to the higher laws that man will work effectively for self improvement and social environment. The important thing is to discern these laws, determine the duties they impose on us, foresee the consequences of their actions. The day is pervaded the greatness of its function, the human being can better let go of what diminishes and demeans, can govern wisely, prepare for their efforts fruitful union of men in a large family of brothers.
But we are far from this state of affairs. Although humanity continue on the path of progress, it can be said, however, that the vast majority of its members walk the common path, through the dark night, ignorant of itself, no understanding of the real purpose of existence.
Thick darkness obscures human reason. The radiation of truth arrive paled, weak, powerless to clear the winding routes threshed by countless legions on the march and to resplender their eyes the ideal and distant goal.
Ignoring his destinations, floating unceasingly between prejudice and error, man curses sometimes life. Bowing under his burden, throws on his fellow guilt of proof that supports and that too often are generated by his shortsightedness. Rebelled against God, who accuses him of injustice, even sometimes in his madness and desperation, deserting the salutary combat, the fight that, by itself, could fortify his soul, enlighten his judgment, prepare you for work of a higher order.
Why so? Because man is born weak and unarmed in the great arena where crashes relentlessly, tirelessly, eternal and gigantic battle? It is because this globe, the Earth, is at a lower step in the scale of the worlds. Here reside mostly children’s spirits, that is, souls born recently to reason. Matter reigns supreme in our world. Curve upon us its yoke, limits our faculties stagnate our impulses for good and our aspirations for the ideal.
Also, to discern why life to entertain the supreme law governing the souls and worlds, you need to know to release these heavy influences, detaching of the concerns of the material order, of all these temporary and changeable things that cover our spirit and that cloud our judgments. It is bringing us by the thought above the horizon of life, making abstraction of time and place, hovering, somehow above the existence of details that will realize the truth.
By an effort of will, we abandon a moment the earth gravitating to these lofty heights. From above will unfold for us the immense panorama of age without number and spaces without limits. Just as the soldier, lost in the conflict, sees only confusion around it, while the general, whose gaze embraces all the vicissitudes of the battle, calculates and provides the results; just as the traveler, lost in the meanderings of the land can, climbing the mountain, see them merge into a grand plan; so the human soul, the height of which hangs, away from the ground noise and away from shady shallows, discover the universal harmony – that which, down here, it looks contradictory, inexplicable and unfair, but when viewed from above, it reconnects, clears, the meanderings of the way straighten themselves out, everything comes together, are linked together. To the spirit, fascinated, appears the majestic order that regulates the course of the existence and the march of the universe.
From these enlightened heights, life is not, to our eyes, as it is for the crowd – a vain pursuit of ephemeral satisfactions – but rather a means of intellectual training, moral elevation, a school where one learns gentleness, patience and duty. And this life, to be effective, can not be isolated.
Outside its boundaries, before birth and after death we see, in a kind of twilight, unfold innumerable existence through which, the price of labor and suffering, conquer, piece by piece, retail by retail, the little of knowledge and qualities we possess, for they also conquer what we need: a perfect reason, a science without gaps, an infinite love for all that lives.
VI – Justice and progress
for God, focus of the perfections. Of life deep depths, by an endless route and a constant evolution, we approached to Him. At the bottom of each soul is deposited the germ of all the powers, all powers fitting it make them hatch for their efforts and their work. Seen in this light, our progress and future happiness are our work. Grace has no more reason to be. Justice radiates over the world because if all we have fought and suffered, we shall all be saved.
By itself, explains the inequality of conditions, the infinite variety of skills and characters. We have known or will know successively every phase of social life and cycle through all its means. In the past, as were the savages who inhabited the backward continents; in the future, we can rise to the height of the immortal geniuses of giant spirits who, like bright lights, reclarifies the march of humanity. Their history is our history and from her participants go through their arduous paths, we support the secular trends reported in the annals of nations. Time and work: these are the elements of our progress.
The memory would not be a heavy ball attached to our feet? outbound Painfully of fury and bestiality age, what it was like that last from each of us!
Through the implemented steps, many shed tears, how much blood shed by our actions! We know hatred and practice injustice. What moral burden would be this long perspective of faults for spirits, still weak and vacillating!
God did well by erasing of our weak minds the memory of a terrible past.
A different education, a more advanced civilization, is fading chimeras who once visited our spirit. Relieved that blocking luggage, move with faster steps in the way we are open.
However, this past is not erased so that we can not foresee some of its traces. If we detach from outside influences, descend to the depths of our being, if we look at carefully, our tastes and aspirations, we will discover things in our present existence and the education received, that nothing could explain. From there, we will come to reconstruct this past, but in all its details, at least in its broad outlines.
Deficiencies, which imply a necessary atonement in this life, even if momentarily erased in our eyes, its primary cause is still there, always visible, that is, our passions and impetuous character, the new incarnations aim to tame, double.
And every time, are opened to us the gates of death, when, freed from the yoke materials, our soul escapes from his prison in the flesh to re-enter the empire of spirits, then his past reconstitutes, little by little. One after another, on the way followed, reviewing her existences, falls, high, rapid advances.
Judge herselfby measuring the path that has been traveled.
Since the purpose of life the intellectual and moral improvement of being which conditions, which means we would suit best to accomplish it?
Man can work on its improvement in all conditions, in all walks of life; however, it would do much more easily within certain specified conditions.
Inside, this love of progress and social improvements that animates every soul
generously; raises a barrier between the powerful and the humble; takes to live in an environment where not reached the disinherited of this world and where, consequently, their needs and ills are almost always ignored and unknown.
despair, suicide. But while wealth makes us indifferent and selfish, poverty, to get closer to the humble, makes us share the pain. One must have suffered, by itself, to appreciate the sufferings of others. While powerful, within the honored, envies and seek to rival the brightness, the poor approached by necessity, live sometimes in touching fraternization.
So is the man. Sweet, affectionate with their counterparts in the days of sorrow, the possession of material goods makes him very often forgotten and hard.
will flanquer serenely this threshold of above-ground areas. His consciousness, detached from material shadows, will wear before him as a judge, God’s representative, asking and answer “What did you do in life?” – “I have fought, suffered, loved, taught good, truth, justice; I have given to my brothers the example of uprightness, sweetness, I have helped those suffering, consoled those who weep. And now that the Eternal judge me, here I am in His hands! “
VII – The ultimate purpose
Marche, brave, fighter, go up the ramp leading to the heights we call virtue, duty, sacrifice. Do not stop on the way to collect florets or bush, to play with golden pebbles. Forward, straight ahead!
How many centuries will not be accurate to dissolve! Well! A day will come when all these fires will be extinguished where these gigantic worlds will vanish to make way for new globesto other families of emerging stars of the deep. What you see today, will no longer exist.
VIII – Experimental Evidence
It forms the bottom of the philosophies of the East. It has inspired works and deeds
lifted up, our parents, the Gauls, then took his indomitable courage, his disdain for death.
In modern times, it has been professed by Jean Reynaud, Henri Martin, Esquirros, Pierre Leroux, Victor Hugo, etc.
However, despite its absolutely rational character, despite the authority of the traditions on which they rest, these views would be characterized as pure hypotheses and relegated to the imagination domain, if we could not sit them on unshakeable base on direct and sensitive experiences available of all.
This is a real fact, very little known and often contested. The Spiritualists experiences have been greeted with sarcasm and all that it has been concerned from the beginning, have been ridiculed, considered as fools.
This has been at all times the destiny of new ideas, the reception given to great discoveries. It is agreed as trivial use of turning tables, but the highest laws of the universe, the most powerful forces of nature, were not revealed in a more impressive way. It is not thanks to experiments with frogs that electricity was discovered? The fall of an apple showed the universal attraction and boiling in a pot, the steam action. About being labeled as crazy, spiritualists share this point the fate of Solomon of Caus 2, Harvey 3, Galvani 4 and many other men of genius.
It is noteworthy that: most who passionately criticize these phenomena not have neither observed nor studied, or have done it very superficially: now, between the number of those who know and assert their existence, are the largest sages of the time. Among these are in England: Sir William Crookes, a member of the Royal Society of London, eminent physicist who was responsible the discovery of radiant matter;
Russel Wallace, Darwin’s opponent, Warley, chief engineer of telegraphs, F. Myers, president of the Society for Psychical Research, O. Lodge, dean of the University of Birmingham, in America, the Edmonds jurist, president of the Senate, Professor MAPPES , the national Academy; in Germany: Zoellner astronomer, France: Camille Flammarion, Dr. Peul Gibier, a pupil of Pasteur, Vacquerie, Eugène Nus, C. Fauvety, the Colonel de Rochas, Professor Charles Richet, member of the Institute, Dr. Maxwell, attorney general of the Bordeaux appeal Court.
In Italy the celebrated Professor Lombroso, who first challenged for a long time the possibility of spiritualistic facts, studied and then had publicly acknowledged the reality. How much has been said about which side would have guarantees, having carried out a serious examination and a mature reflection! Galileo, to those who denied the motion of the Earth responded “And moves by itself.” Crookes so pronounces on the subject of spiritualistic facts: “I did not say it could be. I said that it is. ” The truth, at first described as a utopia, has always prevailed.
We note however that the attitude of the press about these phenomena is significantly modified. No more jokes and ridicules, first signs that there is something seriously. The major newspapers of Paris, “FIGARO“, the “MATIN“, the “Eclair”, the “JOURNAL“, the “PETIT PARISIEN“, etc., frequently publish serious articles on these matters.
They prove experimentally the existence around us, an invisible world of souls village that left Earth, among which are those we had known and loved, and who will join us one day. It is they who teach us the consoling and grand philosophy which we have outlined above the essential traits.
Only that once were regarded as supernatural and miraculous, presenting itself today with a rational character, as a set of facts governed by strict laws, whose study is born in us a deep conviction, clarified.
They are the most serious issue that may oppose materialism. The certainty of life from beyond the grave, in the fullness of our faculties and our consciousness, makes losing the fear of death. Knowledge of the happy or painful situations experienced by spirits for their good or bad deeds, has a powerful moral action. The prospect of endless progress, intellectual achievement, that await all beings and leads for common destinations, can, by itself, bring the men, uniting them by fraternal ties. The doctrine of experimental Spiritualism is the only positive philosophy that answers all the moral needs of humanity.
3 Har vey: English Medical (15,781,657). He discovered the circulation of blood.
4 Galvani: Italian physicist (17,371,798).
IX – Summary and Conclusion
In short, the principles arising from Spiritualism, principles taught by the disembodied spirits – in much better position than we are to discern the truth – are as follows:
Existence of God, governing intelligence, living law, the soul of the universe, supreme unity where intended and harmonize all relationships, immense focus of the perfections of which radiate and extend to infinity all the moral powers:
Justice, Wisdom and Love!
Immortality of the soul, spiritual essence terminating in the state of germ, all the faculties, all powers; that is destined to develop them by their work, embodying on material worlds, rising by successive and innumerable existences of step stepped up to perfection.
Communication of the living and the dead, reciprocal action on each others: permanence of the relationship between the two worlds; solidarity of all beings, identical in its origin and its purpose, different only by their transient situation: one in the state of Spirit, free in space, others covered with a perishable envelope, but passing alternately from one state to another, death is not, but a transitional period between two terrestrial existences.
Infinite progress, eternal justice, moral sanction; the soul, having freedom in
its actions is responsible, creates for itself the own future. According to its normal state, the gross or subtle fluids that make up the perispirit, which have been drawn to her by her habits and tendencies; These fluids, subject to the universal law of attraction and gravity, drag her to the lower globes, to the worlds of pain, where she suffers, atones, rescues the past, or where the matter is under supremacy where reign harmony and the happiness. The soul, in its superior and perfect life, collaborates with God, form the worlds, driving their evolution, watch the progress of the humanities, the fulfillment of the eternal laws.
Such are the teachings that the experimental Spiritualism brings us. There are others that of early Christianity, detached from forms of worship material, stripped of dogmas, of misrepresentations, errors, under which man has concealed, kept beyond recognition, the philosophy of Christ.
To achieve the human spirit, superficial, indifferent, were necessary materials and noisy demonstrations. That’s why, in 1850 and by various means, furniture of all shapes bobbed, walls rang sound blows, heavy bodies moved contrary to the known physical laws; but after this first crude stage, the spiritual phenomena have become increasingly intelligent.
out of them. visible and tangible apparitions were produced, and the existence of spirits became incontestable for all observers who no longer fascinated the taked option.
free of any apparatus or form of worship, this science arrives at a time when the
customs are corrupt, social bonds are relaxed, in which the old world misses the
drift, without brake, without ideal, no moral law as a private ship of government
floating in the wind.
become every day more rude, more ardent. Wants to possess at whole price. All means are good to get welfare, the fortune, the only goal that is deemed worthy of life. Such aspirations can not but produce two consequences: the ruthless selfishness among the happy, despair and anger among the unfortunates. The situation of the small, the humble is painful, and often dipped in a moral night where no consolation lights are driven to seek in suicide, the end of their ailments.
Science is powerless to avert the evil, to recover characters, heal wounds of fighting life. In fact, in our time, almost only exist specialized sciences in certain aspects of nature, gathering facts, bringing the human spirit a sum of knowledge of its own.
No, because a doctrine of peace, fraternity and progress rises on troubled world, coming to appease the wild hatred, calm the passions, teaching solidarity, forgiveness and kindness to everyone.
He tells everyone: “Come to me, I warm you, comfort you, I will make your life sweeter, the courage and patience easiest, most affordable proofs.
I will Lighten with a powerful reason your obscure and devious ways. Those who suffer will give hope, those who seek, I will give light; those who doubt and despair, I will give the certainty and faith. “
Your goals are beyond this life, material and transitory. It will be in this spiritual future you will meet as members of one family, under the concerns, needs and the numerous ills. Deserve it then for your efforts and your work! “
Born in Foug, Tours, France, on January 1, 1846 and since young hugged THE BOOK OF SPIRITS. It was nicknamed “spiritualist Apostle” for his great contribution, is the battle against the detractors of the doctrine, whether in lectures, is the literary works that left – whose style is rationalism, depth and cognition. The philosopher already in his time, was reputed of a lush wisdom and docility.
Underwent a process of progressive blindness, exacerbated from 1910, without leave to work for the spiritualist cause, including writing – in the use of language in Braille.
gallery of the greatest thinkers of Spiritism and leaving great works, such as:
CHRISTIANITY AND SPIRITISM, AFTER DEATH, THE INVISIBLE, The
BIG PUZZLE, THE PROBLEM, OF THE BEING, THE FATE AND PAIN and SOCIALISM & SPIRITUALISM.